The Institute for Philosophical Research at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences was founded in 1945 as an Institute of Philosophy and Education by the Academicians Dimitar Mihalchev (who was its first Director), Spiridon Kazandzhiev, and the then newly inaugurated Academicians Todor Pavlov and Mihail Dimitrov. During the period 1952-1988 the Institute was known as the “ Institute of Philosophy ”, later “ Institute of Philosophical Sciences ”, and since 1995 till now as “Institute for Philosophical Research”. The Institute publishes the journal Philosophical Alternatives.
Major research topics are the general philosophical problems of social development and humanitarian knowledge in the scientific areas of ontology and epistemology, logic, philosophy of science, philosophical anthropology, ethics and bioethics, aesthetics and cultural studies, philosophy of history, history of philosophy and philosophy of religion.
For the period following 1995 the research associates of the Institute have published 180 monographs (23 abroad and 153 in Bulgaria), 1777 articles and essays (241 abroad and 1536 in Bulgaria ), or 1957 publications.
Our research fellows work on projects sponsored by the Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Republic of Austria; in cooperation with World Society for Phenomenology in New York ; with Russian Academy of Science, Byelorussian Academy of Science, and Moscow State University. We work on projects from the 6 th Framework of European Union. A number of our scientists have specialized in U.S.A., Canada, Italy, Vatican, Russia, France, Switzerland, Germany, Britain, Hungary, etc.
Since 1970 the Institute is organizing Varna International Philosophical School . Philosophers from 25 countries have already participated in it.
Founded simultaneously with the Institute, the Library has a rich and unique collection of books and periodicals in philosophy, religion, culture, social and political sciences, amounting to 33 283 units.
The Institute offers a highly qualified PhD program in Philosophy. Our research fellows read 45 lecture courses and lead seminars at 12 universities in Bulgaria and abroad among which Sofia University “Kliment Ohridski”, Southwest University “Neofit Rilski”, The University of Veliko Turnovo “Kiril and Metodij”, Plovdiv University “Paisij Hilendarski”, New Bulgarian University, National Academy of Art, Varna University, Vienna University, Magdeburg University, Law Academy of Odessa, etc.
Sixty-eight research associates work in nine departments, specialized in the various domains of philosophy, humanitarian and social knowledge. The qualification levels follow the regulations of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences and the National Accreditation Board: PhD student, PhD, associate professor, professor, academician. DSc (Doctor of philosophical sciences) is the highest scientific degree.